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Which One Are You Feeding Most in Retirement?


By Joe Casey

Why is a positive mindset so important? You may have heard the parable about the Two Wolves.

 A grandfather is teaching his grandson about life.

“A fight is going on inside me,” he said to the boy. “It is a terrible fight and it is between two wolves.

One is evil – he is anger, envy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority,

lies, false pride, superiority, and ego.”

He continued, “The other is good – he is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and faith. “

“The same fight is going on inside you – and inside every other person, too.”

The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, “Which wolf will win?”

The grandfather simply replied, “The one you feed.”

The Wolves in Retirement

These wolves follow us into retirement. While we may be retiring, the wolves are not. In some ways, they are stronger and more important. Retirement is an emotional experience. Cultivating a positive mindset helps.

There’s lots of opportunity for the first wolf in retirement. I see it often in people who are in the transition to retirement, particularly when it’s earlier than they planned. There’s often a shock to the system in adjusting to the loss of a clear professional identity that’s been there for many years. When people cling to their past self-identity too long, it feeds the first wolf. There are many areas of life that we do not have much control over. However, we do have control of our attention. There’s a danger in focusing more on the past than on the present or the future. Concentrating too much on the past can lead to anger, envy, regret, self-pity or feelings of inferiority – a veritable buffet for Wolf One.

The Wolves Are Not Equal

Like humans, wolves vary in their level of strength and capability. Wolf One, the negative one, is likely to be much stronger than Wolf Two. Roy Baumeister and his colleagues found that “bad is stronger than good”, meaning that negative events tend to have more powerful effects than good ones. One explanation is that, from an evolutionary point of view, it has been more valuable to be keenly aware of threats.

Barbara Fredrickson, a psychology professor at the University of North Carolina, notes that these threats and negative emotions have a narrowing effect on us, constraining our openness to new ideas, relationships or activities. In contrast, Fredrickson has found that positive emotions, like those generated by feeding Wolf Two, have a broadening effect, opening us up to new possibilities and a greater willingness to explore and try new things. In addition, Fredrickson and her colleagues found that these positive emotions promote the building of critical physical, cognitive and relationship resources, which in turn, help to maintain resilience and sustain well-being, all of which are essential in retirement.

How to Feed the Right Wolf 

If Wolf One is indeed stronger, then we have to work a bit harder to keep Wolf Two well-nourished.

What can you do to feed Wolf Two?

Here are a few suggestions I’ve found helpful:

      1. Look for the Good

Try this exercise at the end of each day. It only takes a few minutes and can be done on your commute home or even while brushing your teeth. Ask yourself: What were the good things that happened today?  Stay with it until you’ve identified at least three. After a while, you’ll find it trains your brain to be more alert to the good that’s usually all around us.

      2. Do Good for Others

Look for opportunities in your day to do at least one small good thing for someone else, family, friends or even strangers. Experiment with simple things like paying for the person in line behind you. (Just to be clear, this works much better in line at Starbucks than at a Tesla dealership).

      3. Start a Gratitude Journal

One of our daughters does this regularly and we’re encouraging our 16 year-old son to try it. (For now, I’m choosing to ignore his response of “I’m grateful for you leaving my room and leaving me alone”).

Before your day starts simply list three to five things that you’re grateful for. Challenge yourself to come up with something new and not just a list of the usual suspects.

       4. Call Out Wolf One

When Wolf One inevitably appears, call it out. The most effective way has been found to label those emotions, rather than trying to suppress them. 

       5. Start a New Activity

Wolf Two loves it when we’re open to trying something new. Identify one thing you’ve really been wanting to try but haven’t started it yet. It doesn’t have to be climbing Everest by next Thursday. Is there a class you’ve been wanting to take? Something you’d like to begin? Yoga? Pilates? Meditation? A book on a topic you’re curious about?  Or how about trying a new restaurant this weekend with a new cuisine that’s different from your old favorites (they’ll still be there next week).

You can take control of how satisfying your retirement will be by feeding the right wolf with a positive mindset and starving the other one.


Joe Casey is a former HR executive, who is now a retirement coach who helps people design their next chapters after their primary careers at retirementwisdom.com


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Baumeister, R. F., Bratslavsky, E., Finkenauer, C., & Vohs, K. D. (2001). Bad is stronger than good. Review of general psychology5(4), 323.
Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences359(1449), 1367.
Garland, E. L., Fredrickson, B., Kring, A. M., Johnson, D. P., Meyer, P. S., & Penn, D. L. (2010). Upward spirals of positive emotions counter downward spirals of negativity: Insights from the broaden-and-build theory and affective neuroscience on the treatment of emotion dysfunctions and deficits in psychopathology. Clinical psychology review30(7), 849-864.


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